The celebration of October 10 as World Mental Health can serve as an occasion to have a moment of reflection on the major mental health problems, so we can become aware of its size, as well as reviewing various recommendations proposed by international agencies in order to make improvements in this field. There is no doubt that
, also known neuropsychiatric and behavior have become genuine concern for people who have them, their families, for service providers and to all persons and institutions involved in this field.
According to WHO (2003, 2005) is currently estimated that 450 million people worldwide have some form of mental disorder, which may generate suffering and disability. Approximately 121 to 150 million of whom suffer from depression, between 70 and 90 million suffer from disorders abuse alcohol or various drugs, from 24 to 25 million suffer from schizophrenia, 37 million have dementia, a million people commit suicide each year and between 10 to 20 million attempt suicide.
One in 4 people will be affected by a mental disorder in their lives according to WHO statistics, published in 2001. An estimated one out of every 4 families in the world has a member with a mental disorder (Saraceno, 2004).
According to the information available are some facts that provide insight into a very summarized the situation in Mexico. According to the Ministry of Health, an estimated 15 million people suffer from mental disorders. The results of the latest National Comorbidity Survey (ENEP) indicate that 28.6% of the population had any of the 23 disorders of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) sometime in their life and only one in 10 patients receive specialized care.
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