Health and Fitness
The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently called attention to the key challenge in the world, and shall in the next 50 years, non-communicable diseases, ie non-infectious diseases. In them, the lifestyle can make a decisive influence and therefore the individual has a role in their empowerment and prevention.
Old infectious diseases have a very important weight in the health of mankind. The average life expectancy of people two centuries ago was not more than 50 years and epidemics (tuberculosis, smallpox, diphtheria, plague, etc..) Were almost daily reality. The lifestyle of the time allowed a margin virtually no people in preventing the evils that spread over the world. Read the rest of this entry »
Within the other major group of unhealthy habits we find the risk behaviors. We understand being those that increase the chance of injury or illness. This section is mandatory to mention the three risk behaviors practiced today that more damage and mortality are generated in developed societies:
- Inadequate feeding
- Reckless driving
- The practice of unsafe sex.
It is considered a poor diet that promotes obesity and diseases such as atherosclerosis, among other possible diseases. A healthy diet is to have this high-fiber foods (whole grain bread, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts …) and a proper overall proportion of carbohydrates (50%), fat (30% maximum, and should not exceed saturated the 8% -10%) and protein (15%). Read the rest of this entry »
Alcohol, a misunderstood cultural habit
Alcohol abuse in our society leads to serious problems for the individual and society for her sensitive impact on the everyday activities of daily life (traffic, work, family …). It is estimated that at least one tenth of the Spanish population (mostly men) routinely consume excessive amounts of alcohol.
Alcohol abuse is the cause of many malignant diseases (cancers of breast bone, mouth, tongue, lip, oropharynx, nasopharynx, larynx, upper esophagus, liver, cardiovascular …); (arteriosclerosis, cardiomyopathy), liver (cirrhosis alcohol , …); fatty liver digestive disorders (malabsorption, acute gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastrointestinal bleeding, acute and chronic pancreatitis), hematological (pernicious anemia, coagulation diseases, diseases of the blood proteins), inflammatory (chronic pharyngitis, laryngitis, acute and chronic), metabolic (increased uric acid, increased blood lipid levels, hypertriglyceridemia, ketoacidosis), renal (tubulopathies), sexual (erectile dysfunction, infertility, frigidity), neurological (polyneuritis, double vision , myopathy, encephalopathy Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, cerebellar degeneration, alcoholic dementia, precipitation of epileptic crisis) psychiatric (suicide, delirium tremens, personality disorders, aggressive behavior, etc.). Read the rest of this entry »
There are many bad habits, but could be classified into two types:
Call in which risk behaviors (driving recklessly, unsafe sex, etc..), Increases the risk of harm by the practice of an activity in low security.
They are produced by the consumption of a harmful substance which increases the risk of deterioration. Such habits are logically related to the consumption of all drugs, with the snuff and alcohol, for its extension in society, the greatest concern to health authorities Read the rest of this entry »
There is a tendency in today’s society to consider not taking certain healthy habits in lifestyles as a clear damage to health, ie as a harmful habit.
Labeled as healthy habits, among which we would quote the daily breakfast, daily showering, getting it at the same time or do yoga, is a good example of this phenomenon. The culture of healthy floods everything and requires us to adapt our lives, in all its aspects, operating guidelines that are presumed to be healthy. However, in such a dynamic may be a misrepresentation of what is really essential when proposing a recommended lifestyle and risk free extra, which is basically to avoid harmful risk behaviors or disease. Read the rest of this entry »
View specific items:
- Injuries of the knee: articular cartilage
- Knee injuries: collateral ligaments
- Injuries of the knee: cruciate ligaments
- Knee Injuries: Meniscus
Achilles tendon rupture
It is typical of mature athletes, well muscled but with twin Achilles tendinosis. If it is torn muscle a contraction sharp. It is common in tennis, paddle tennis players, footballers, etc. Read the rest of this entry »
It is a box with tendinitis tendinosis at the height of the insertion of the adductors of the thigh in the pelvis. It is a common injury in soccer players. Produce pain and limping by the movements of the thigh and severely limits the ability to spread my legs.
Usually the diagnosis is made after the doctor’s examination, occasionally need an ultrasound. To prevent this type of injury, it is necessary to properly perform muscle stretches during practice, as is common in people with a lot of thigh muscles but little stretched.
We recommend the same treatment for chronic injuries, which may be necessary to resort to surgery in refractory cases. Read the rest of this entry »
The rotator cuff is the group of tendons that allow us to make the elevation and rotation of the shoulder. The typical repetitive strain pitchers, tennis players, handball players, etc, produced degeneration and inflammation of the tendon. The result is a rubbing of the tendon with the bow layer of bone limits the shoulder top. The rubbing causes pain and is limiting the mobility and shoulder strength.
Diagnosis is based on exploration done by the physician and may occasionally require additional tests such as magnetic resonance imaging. To prevent this type of injury is necessary to strengthen the surrounding muscles as the deltoid, which protect the area from overexertion. Read the rest of this entry »
The general treatment of acute episodes is based on the rest, with or without plaster immobilization, administration of NSAIDS (if not contraindicated by allergies or gastroduodenal lesions among others) and local application dehielo.
Chronic cases require deep local heat, Physiotherapy to stretch and tone specific tissues. Infiltration may be useful.
Sudden braking movements of the head can injure the ligaments that hold together the vertebrae of the neck, causing a cervical sprain. It is typical of sports cars or motorcycles, gymnasts, in jumpers, etc. Read the rest of this entry »
The practice of sport is a great benefit to the organism but, in turn, carries the risk of injury in proportion to the intensity and duration efforts.
One type of classification distinguish acute sports injuries and chronic diseases. Acute injuries are caused by a violent effort and fast, like a chronic muscle tear and are caused by repetitive movements such as tennis elbow.
Another type of classification serves the type of tissue injury:
Bone lesions are, ranging from microscopic cracks to true minimum of the piece marrow blasts
Cartilage is the cover that makes a bone to facilitate bone movement relative to another neighbor. Chondropathies chondral lesions, or involve loss of smoothness (frayed, ulcers) or buffer properties (softening). Read the rest of this entry »