We have discussed the ways of contagion, let’s see how to avoid them:
- For sexually: Whenever you have penetrative sex (anal, vaginal or oral) and is not known whether any of the people is HIV-positive or not, should be used properly condoms as a preventive method. Today, every day, 14,000 people infected with HIV worldwide, and nearly 90% of new infections are sexually transmitted.
- Via blood: Sharing injection equipment carries a high risk of infection. Today this practice is limited almost exclusively to people who inject illegal drugs. Prevention focuses on the use of injection equipment (syringe and needle) of an individual single-use container or correct sterilization each new use.
- For perinatally: If a woman decides to get pregnant HIV + will have to bear in mind that going to be a risky pregnancy. As must conduct a rigorous medical follow the same, knowing that there are treatments that reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to your baby.
It is the human immunodeficiency virus. Virus, because this organism is unable to reproduce on its own (it does when it invades human cells). Immunodeficiency is because the effect of HIV is to create a deficiency, an impediment to the proper functioning of the body’s immune system. And man, because the virus can only be contracted by humans.
HIV is the virus that, according to most researchers, causes AIDS (as referred to VHI as the AIDS virus). Others believe that this virus can cause AIDS only if given in combination with a cofactor, which is a virus or some other yet unidentified condition. Read the rest of this entry »
Sexually transmitted diseases are infections acquired through sex with an infected person. The cause is bacteria, parasites and viruses.
- Herpes Simplex
- HIV / AIDS
Most STDs affect both men and women, but in many cases causing their health problems may be more severe in women.
If a pregnant woman suffering from sexually transmitted diseases, can cause serious health problems for babies.
If you have an STD caused by bacteria or parasites, doctors can treat with antibiotics or other drugs. If you have an STD caused by a virus, there is no cure. Sometimes medicines can keep the disease under control. Correct use of latex condoms greatly reduce, but not eliminate, the risk of contracting and STD infection. Read the rest of this entry »
So when the virus that attacks the immune system, the human body loses this protection he enjoyed and so can infect the body with many viruses and cancers easily.
The infections called opportunistic infections, because they exploit the opportunity to hit the immune system is weak. We can say that a person died of AIDS, he died as a result of damage to any viruses or cancers for the work of the immune system which protects the body as a result of attack of the virus (HIV ) the immune system.